Project acronym: PROWATERRESUSE

Project Summary

The biggest hindrance, in addition to the social and political unrest, for the Palestinian Water Authority to provide comprehensive wastewater services is to afford the initial capital cost and operational costs. Anaerobic technology for wastewater treatment has evolved into a consolidated alternative for a wide variety of wastewaters. This research investigated the technical feasibility of the Anaerobic dynamic membrane (AnDMBR) technology for sewage treatment, opting for agricultural reuse, under the climatic conditions and sewage characteristics of Palestine. The potential of the AnDMBR to remove pathogens was investigated emphasized in this research as the main innovative research item.

Research Objectives


The main goal of this project was to assess the process performance of the AnDMBR for sewage treatment under Palestinian conditions in terms of COD and pathogen removal.

The specific objectives of the project were:

  • To assess the biofilm or cake layer build up on the supporting material (woven fabric) during continuous operation under the changing seasonal temperature conditions. 
  • To study the sludge build-up in the sludge bed of the AnDMBR,
  • To compare the treatment performance of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and the AnDMBR
  • To gain hands-on experience in the operation and monitoring of anaerobic sewage treatment plants, using AnDMBR
  • To establish an AnDMBR demonstration/pilot plant by modifying a UASB reactor 
  • To establish a training site for university students and sector professionals
  • To enrich and enhance links and awareness of anaerobic sewage treatment for environmental protection and reuse of treated effluent for irrigation among the service delivery entities (Ramallah Municipality) and academic institutions (IEWS)   
  • To embed and consolidate the anaerobic processes in the IEWS research and education activities

Project Team


Name                                         : Nidal Mahmoud

University                                   : Birzeit University

Email                                          : nmahmoud@birsiet.edu

Name                                         : Jules B. van Lier

University                                  : Delft University of Technology

Email                                         : J.B.vanLier@TUDelft.nl

Name                                         : Musa Hadid

Organization                              : Ramallah Municipality

Research Deliverables and Outcomes: 

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Research Category: 

Small Research Project (SRP)

Research Summary : 

The biggest hindrance, in addition to the social and political unrest, for the Palestinian Water Authority to provide comprehensive wastewater services is to afford the initial capital cost and operational costs. Anaerobic technology for wastewater treatment has evolved into a consolidated alternative for a wide variety of wastewaters. This research investigated the technical feasibility of the Anaerobic dynamic membrane (AnDMBR) technology for sewage treatment, opting for agricultural reuse, under the climatic conditions and sewage characteristics of Palestine. The potential of the AnDMBR to remove pathogens was investigated emphasized in this research as the main innovative research item.