Project Acronym: MORWater

Project Summary


Water shortage in Palestine is a dominant problem jeopardizing the sustainability of water resources. The situation has worsened further owing to population growth and the associated expansion of agriculture imposing stress on the limited water supplies. Despite the increasing water shortage, rainwater is being lost in winter due to the lack of water storage infrastructures, and the Palestinians should explore rainwater harvesting (RWH) as a viable option. Although Palestinian policymakers are considering RWH as a strategic option to support the overall water resources management in Palestine, they don’t have actual plans for implementation. However, its implementation is promoted by local communities and non-governmental organizations to alleviate temporal and spatial water shortage for domestic and agricultural uses. The research aimed at changing the individual and institutional attitude of different stakeholders toward the importance of adopting RWH as a viable strategy to satisfy water needs. Guidelines, policy briefs, and a mobile app (MORWater) were developed to advice the policy makers to turn project outputs into development outcomes for the benefit of the end-users and to offer guidance to end-users directly.

Overall and Specific Objectives


The overall project goal was to gain insight into where and how RWH can increase water and food security in the West Bank. In specific, this project addressed the following objectives: 

  1. Assess the existing water supply-demand gap in different West Bank districts.
  2. Develop a water vulnerability and RWH suitability maps, and accordingly identifying potential RWH techniques.
  3. Make an inventory of the existing RWH techniques/practices already used for domestic and agricultural purposes.
  4. Propose suitable RWH techniques based on the in-situ conditions for a selected catchment.
  5. Assess the social and environmental impacts and economic feasibility of implementing RWH strategy at the catchment level.
  6. Prepare guidelines and policy briefs to advice the policy-makers to turn project outputs into development outcomes for the benefit of the end-users.
  7. Develop and use the MORWater mobile app for optimizing and promoting RWH as a self-sustaining and self-reliant water supply for Palestinians.

Project Partners


Project lead: An-Najah National University (ANU)

  • Representative: Dr. Sameer Shadeed 

  • E-mail address: sshadeed@najah.edu

  • Other researchers involved:  Dr. Mohammad Almasri , Eng. Tariq Judeh, and MSc student (Sandy Alawnah)

Palestinian partner university: Birzeit University (BZU)

  • Representative: Dr. Marwan Ghanem

  • E-mail address: mghanem@birzeit.edu

  • Other researchers involved: Eng. Wasim Ahmed and Eng. Rasha Abed and MSc student (Anwar Atta)

Dutch partner university: Wageningen University (WU)

  • Representative: Prof. Coen Ritsema

  • E-mail address: coen.ritsema@wur.nl

  • Other researchers involved: Dr. Michel Riksen, Dr. Luuk Fleskens,Dr. Johanna Schild, Eng. Rasha Abed, and MSc student (Josua Münch)

Private sector partner: Hydro-Engineering Consultancy (HEC)

Governmental partner: National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC)

NGO partner: Palestinian Hydrology Group (PHG)

  • Representative: Eng. Samai Hamdan

  • E-mail address: sami@phg.org

Research Deliverables and Outcomes: 

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Research Photos: 

Research Category: 

Integrated Research Project (IRP)

Research Summary : 

This project aimed to change the individual and institutional attitude of stakeholders toward the importance of adopting RWH as a viable strategy to satisfy water needs. Guidelines, policy briefs and a mobile (MORWater) app were developed to advice the policy makers to turn project outputs into development outcomes for the benefit of the end users and to offer guidance to end users directly.