Project Acronym: GDSS

Project Summary


Groundwater is the key source of water for Palestinians, obtained naturally through springs and artificially by wells. Protecting the quality of groundwater is of immense importance in Palestine. This protection implies the control of all possible sources of pollution that transpire from man-made activities that overlay the contributing areas. If pollution sources are not controlled then water obtained from springs or wells will be polluted and may not be suitable for certain uses. On the other hand, the limited quantity of available water makes it so hard upon the best allocation of this precious resource. The very premise of this research was to develop a groundwater decision support system (GDSS) for the Eocene Aquifer to do two tasks: (1) to optimally determine the pumping rates and (2) to set up zones of quality protection. The GDSS utilizes an optimization technique and indeed groundwater modelling. All the data were compiled regarding the aquifer to enable the development of the groundwater model.  An inventory analysis was carried out, with respect to pollutants and pollution regarding all the practices (mainly industrial and agricultural) that are taking place on the surface of the contribution areas. Different tools were employed in this research work including but not limited to surveying, modelling, mapping, and statistical analysis of chemical data of wells and springs. 

Overall Objectives


  • Enhance the knowledge, practices, and methods of the behaviour of the water-sector personnel in the research theme

  • Raise the appreciation to the on-going problem in the Eocene aquifer with better appreciation to the potential solutions

  • Enhance the awareness of a wide range of water-related audience to the issue of groundwater potential pollution and its affinity to man-made activities

  • Integrate the role of the Palestinian universities and to establish mutual interests with the relevant Palestinian governmental bodies, NGOs, and private sector

  • Put together all the efforts of the governmental (decision-makers) bodies so as responsibilities are well outlined and specified to arrive at well-identified water governance in Palestine

  • Enrich the academic sector with realistic case studies that can be employed in the curriculum in relevant courses especially at the graduate level

Specific Objectives


  • To develop a groundwater flow model for the Eocene aquifer

  • To arrive at the optimal pumping strategies for the Eocene aquifer

  • To assess the demand-supply gap in the study area considering all water-using sectors

  • To achieve a better understanding of the spatial and temporal distributions of key chemicals in the groundwater (emphasis will be on nitrate). 

  • To develop a nitrate fate and transport model for the Eocene aquifer

  • To establish the protection zone for each selected well in the study area. Thereafter, a thorough analysis will be carried out to study the relationship between the contributing zones with the on-ground pollution activities 

  • Develop a groundwater decision support system (GDSS) for the study area

  • Develop sustainable management strategies that target the groundwater resources and the environmental systems through supervising the on-ground land-use related activities

  • To develop a groundwater flow model for the Eocene aquifer

Project Partners


Project lead: An-Najah National University 

  • Representative: Dr. Mohammad N. Almasri 

  • E-mail address: mnmasri@najah.edu 

  • Other researchers involved: Dr. Sameer Shadeed, Balsam Aljundi (MSc)  

Palestinian Partner University: Palestine Polytechnic University

  • Representative: Dr. Nabil Joulani

  • E-mail address: njoulani@ppu.edu

  • Other researchers involved: Eng. Shireen Alqadi (MSc)

Dutch Partner University: IHE Delft

Private sector partner: Hydro-Engineering Consultancy (HEC)

Tags: 

Research Category: 

Integrated Research Project (IRP)

Research Summary : 

The very premise of this research was to develop a groundwater decision support system (GDSS) for the Eocene Aquifer to do two tasks: (1) to optimally determine the pumping rates and (2) to set up zones of quality protection. The GDSS utilizes an optimization technique and indeed groundwater modelling. All the data were compiled regarding the aquifer in order to enable the development of the groundwater model.  An inventory analysis was carried out, with respect to pollutants and pollution regarding all the practices (mainly industrial and agricultural) that are taking place on the surface of the contribution areas.